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Updated: 17 July 2006
This sample demonstrates how to use the Multiple Active Result Set (MARS) feature. MARS lets you run multiple commands on the same connection, even though all of the results from running one or more of the commands might not be completely returned to the client yet.
Samples are provided for educational purposes only. They are not intended to be used in a production environment and have not been tested in a production environment. Microsoft does not provide technical support for these samples. Sample applications and assemblies should not be connected to or used with your production SQL Server database or your report server without the permission of the system administrator.
Default Location: drive:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Samples\Engine\
Data Access\ADO\MARS


AdventureWorks Cycles wants to raise the standard cost and list price of their most popular bicycles because the prices for those bicycles have increased due to increases in paint cost. The price increase will vary depending on the color of the paint.


Transact-SQL, Visual C# and Visual Basic.


The MARS sample uses the following features of SQL Server 2005 and the Microsoft .NET Framework version 2.0:

Application Area Features
Overall MARS, ADO.NET 2.0, Transact-SQL stored procedures


Before running this sample, make sure the following software is installed:
  • SQL Server 2005 or SQL Server 2005 Express Edition (SQL Server Express). You can download SQL Server Express from the SQL Server Samples and Downloads Web site.
  • The AdventureWorks database which is included with SQL Server 2005, and is also available at the SQL Server Developer Web site.
  • The SQL Server 2005 Database Engine samples. These samples are included with SQL Server 2005. You can download the latest version of the samples at the SQL Server Developer Web site.
  • .NET Framework SDK 2.0 or Microsoft Visual Studio 2005. You can obtain .NET Framework SDK free of charge. See Installing the .NET Framework SDK.

Building the Sample

If you have not already created a strong name key file, generate the key file using the following instructions.
To generate a strong name key file
  1. Open a Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 command prompt. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Microsoft .NET Framework SDK 2.0, and then click SDK Command Prompt.-- or --Open a Microsoft .NET Framework command prompt. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Microsoft .NET Framework SDK 2.0, and then click SDK Command Prompt.
  2. Use the change directory command (CD) to change the current directory of the command prompt window to the folder where the samples are installed. Note: To determine the folder where samples are located, click the Start* button, point to All Programs, point to Microsoft SQL Server 2005, point to Documentation and Tutorials, and then click Samples Directory. If the default installation location was used, the samples are located in <system_drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Samples.*
  3. At the command prompt, run the following command to generate the key file: sn -k SampleKey.snk Important: For more information about the strong-name key pair, see "Security Briefs: Strong Names and Security in the .NET Framework" in the .NET Development Center on MSDN.
To build the sample, do the following:
Build the sample
  1. Compile the sample by using Visual Studio and the solution file located in the CS directory, or use the following MSBuild command line in a .NET Framework or Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 command prompt window: msbuild /nologo /verbosity:quiet /property:Configuration=Debug CS\ MARS.sln

Running the Sample

To run the sample, do the following:
Run the sample
  1. Open the scripts\install.sql script by using SQL Server Management Studio. Run the contents of that file, or run the following command in a command prompt window: sqlcmd -E -I -i Scripts\install.sql
  2. In a command prompt window, locate the CS\MARS\bin\debug directory and run the following command: mars

Removing the Sample

To reset the data modified by this sample and remove the sample, do the following:
Remove the sample
  1. Open the Scripts\cleanup.sql by script using Management Studio. Run the contents of that file, or run the following command in a command prompt window: sqlcmd -E -I -i Scripts\cleanup.sql


Always consider whether it would be more efficient to use JOINs in a server-side query or update instead of using MARS. For example, you might need to know the sales order ID, customer ID, product number, order quantity, and line item total for every sales order detail record for March 2004. Although you could write that query with MARS, it is more efficient to write that query by using a JOIN, as demonstrated.

SELECT SOH.SalesOrderID, SOH.CustomerID, SOD.ProductID,
SOD.OrderQty, SOD.LineTotal
FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader as SOH
JOIN Sales.SalesOrderDetail as SOD
ON SOH.SalesOrderID = SOD.SalesOrderID
WHERE SOH.OrderDate >= CONVERT(datetime, '20040301')
AND SOH.OrderDate < CONVERT(datetime, '20040401')
ORDER BY SOH.SalesOrderID; |

Change History

Release History
5 December 2005 Changed content: Changed instructions for generating a key file, including the name and location of the key file.

© 2007 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Last edited Nov 6, 2008 at 10:47 PM by bonniefe, version 21


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